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Success Criterion 2.4.2: Page Titled (Level A)

Web pages have titles that describe topic or purpose.

(From Understanding WCAG 2.0: Understanding Success Criterion 2.4.2)

Discussion

Summary

Descriptive page titles are an important component of document identification and familiarisation, especially as it is usually the first thing a user sees (or hears) when the page is opened.

Descriptive titles help users find content, orient themselves within it, and navigate through it. A descriptive title allows a user to easily identify what Web page they are using and to tell when the Web page has changed. The title can be used to identify the Web page without requiring users to read or interpret page content.

Techniques for WCAG 2.0: G88: Providing descriptive titles for Web pages

This technique suggests that titles be short, and make sense when read out of context (such as in a search result). It can also be helpful for it to identify structure in a site (or other resource to which a web page belongs) - especially where there is no other technique used (such as a breadcrumb trail) - and potentially be unique within a site.

Sniff Coverage

Note that "[Standard]" will be replaced with "WCAG2A", "WCAG2AA" or "WCAG2AAA", depending on the level being tested.

Errors

Message Name Applies To Techniques

A title should be provided for the document, using a non-empty title element in the head section.

[Standard].Principle2.Guideline2_4.2_4_2.H25.1.NoTitleEl

Document with a head section, but missing a title attribute.

The title element in the head section should be non-empty.

[Standard].Principle2.Guideline2_4.2_4_2.H25.1.EmptyTitle

Title element that exists, but is empty.

Notices

Message Name Applies To Techniques

Check that the title element describes the document.

[Standard].Principle2.Guideline2_4.2_4_2.H25.2

Top element.